Always knowing the when to plant, prune, and harvest.
All you need is the right checklist.
What To Do In Your Vegetable Garden This April
Here’s the number one vegetable garden checklist item for April:
Start a vegetable garden journal.
- Choose a format that you’ll actually use (paper or electronic).
- The longer you keep a journal, the more you’ll learn about your garden.
- You can look back and see how certain vegetables performed in your garden, like which tomatoes produced the most, and tasted the best.
So consider starting a garden journal now.
It’ll become a prized resource.
April is a busy time in the garden, no question, but my vegetable garden checklist will help you keep on top of things!
Vegetable Gardening Tasks for April
- Warm up your garden soil with UV-stabilized clear plastic a week or two before planting. Clear plastic works better than black plastic to warm the soil. Remove it as soon as you’re ready to plant.
- Start seeds of warm-season plants (including tomatoes, peppers, eggplant, basil, cucumber, melons, gourds, winter squash, and summer squash) indoors for transplanting later to the garden.
- Direct-sow cool-season crops: peas, lettuce, spinach, carrots, beets, turnips, parsnips, and Swiss chard.
- Put up a trellis for tall varieties of peas as soon as they sprout.
- Seed a second crop of lettuce (start the seeds indoors or sow them directly in the garden).
- Harden off and set out transplants of cool-season crops, such as broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, Brussels sprouts, kohlrabi, and onions.
- Plant or transplant asparagus and rhubarb crowns. For best plant establishment, don’t harvest until the third year after planting.
- Plant certified, disease-free potato “seed” tubers.
- Weed your vegetable beds.
- Handpick and destroy asparagus beetles.
- If your rhubarb develops flower stalks remove them.
- When the ground is warm and dry, transplant early tomatoes outdoors, inside protective Wall O’ Waters. When squeezed, soil should crumble instead of forming a ball.
- Place cutworm collars around seedlings if needed.
- Care for seedlings growing indoors.
- Shear onion seedlings back to 2-3″ tall if they’re getting floppy.
Fruit Garden To-Dos for April
- Apply a pre-bloom, multipurpose orchard spray to fruit trees.
- Plant or transplant small fruit: strawberries, raspberries, and other small fruit.
- If planting new strawberries pinch off all the first-year flowers from June bearers to help develop strong root systems. Everbearing and day-neutral varieties can be allowed to develop flowers starting in July. For more info, see answers to frequently asked strawberry questions.
- Remove winter mulch from strawberries, but keep mulch handy in case late frosts are predicted and to help keep weeds under control.
- Fertilize established fruits with a thin layer of compost.
- Prune grape vines to remove dead or weakened limbs and to thin as needed.
- Weed around all fruiting plants.
- Protect fruit blossoms from late freezing temperatures.
- Prune peaches and nectarines now.
- Remove tree wraps from fruit trees.
Hi, I'm Cheryl. I'm a certified gardener, bird lover, and spreadsheet enthusiast. I believe that with a few smart strategies and a little know-how, you can grow your dream garden and still have time to enjoy it. I teach online gardening courses and write articles that help you save time and money in your garden.
Join my mailing list, and as a bonus, you'll get an incredibly helpful checklist that'll tell you what to do in your garden right now.