Always knowing the when to plant, prune, and harvest.

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What To Do In Your Vegetable Garden This April

by Apr 18, 2019Edible Gardens, Vegetable Gardening0 comments

Here’s the number one vegetable garden checklist item for April:

Start a vegetable garden journal.

  • Choose a format that you’ll actually use (paper or electronic).
  • The longer you keep a journal, the more you’ll learn about your garden.
  • You can look back and see how certain vegetables performed in your garden, like which tomatoes produced the most, and tasted the best.

So consider starting a garden journal now.

It’ll become a prized resource.

April is a busy time in the garden, no question, but my vegetable garden checklist will help you keep on top of things!

A man holding carrots with text that reads vegetable garden to-do list

This post may contain affiliate links to products I use and recommend. Read my full disclosure.

Vegetable Gardening Tasks for April

  • Warm up your garden soil with UV-stabilized clear plastic a week or two before planting. Clear plastic works better than black plastic to warm the soil. Remove it as soon as you’re ready to plant.
  • Start seeds of warm-season plants (including tomatoes, peppers, eggplant, basil, cucumber, melons, gourds, winter squash, and summer squash) indoors for transplanting later to the garden.
  • Direct-sow cool-season crops: peas, lettuce, spinach, carrots, beets, turnips, parsnips, and Swiss chard.
  • Put up a trellis for tall varieties of peas as soon as they sprout.
  • Seed a second crop of lettuce (start the seeds indoors or sow them directly in the garden).
  • Harden off and set out transplants of cool-season crops, such as broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, Brussels sprouts, kohlrabi, and onions.
  • Plant or transplant asparagus and rhubarb crowns. For best plant establishment, don’t harvest until the third year after planting.
  • Plant certified, disease-free potato “seed” tubers.
  • Weed your vegetable beds.
  • Handpick and destroy asparagus beetles.
  • If your rhubarb develops flower stalks remove them.
  • When the ground is warm and dry, transplant early tomatoes outdoors, inside protective Wall O’ Waters. When squeezed, soil should crumble instead of forming a ball.
  • Place cutworm collars around seedlings if needed.
  • Care for seedlings growing indoors.
  • Shear onion seedlings back to 2-3″ tall if they’re getting floppy.

Fruit Garden To-Dos for April

  • Apply a pre-bloom, multipurpose orchard spray to fruit trees.
  • Plant or transplant small fruit: strawberries, raspberries, and other small fruit.
  • If planting new strawberries pinch off all the first-year flowers from June bearers to help develop strong root systems. Everbearing and day-neutral varieties can be allowed to develop flowers starting in July. For more info, see answers to frequently asked strawberry questions.
  • Remove winter mulch from strawberries, but keep mulch handy in case late frosts are predicted and to help keep weeds under control.
  • Fertilize established fruits with a thin layer of compost.
  • Prune grape vines to remove dead or weakened limbs and to thin as needed.
  • Weed around all fruiting plants.
  • Protect fruit blossoms from late freezing temperatures.
  • Prune peaches and nectarines now.
  • Remove tree wraps from fruit trees.

You should also check out my lawn and garden checklist for April and my flower garden checklist for April.


Cheryl Spencer

I believe you can grow your dream garden and still have time to enjoy it.

I'll show you how easy it can be to have a garden that fits into your lifestyle, wows your neighbors, and makes your family say "more veggies, please!"

Hi, I'm Cheryl. I'm a certified gardener, bird lover, and spreadsheet enthusiast. I believe that with a few smart strategies and a little know-how, you can grow your dream garden and still have time to enjoy it. I teach online gardening courses and write articles that help you save time and money in your garden.

Join my mailing list, and as a bonus, you'll get an incredibly helpful checklist that'll tell you what to do in your garden right now.