Always knowing when to
plant, prune, and harvest.

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What to Plant in February 2023 [Best Plants to Sow + Grow]

INSIDE: Learn what to plant in February –  flowers, vegetables, and herbs to plant and sow this month.

It may be hard to believe, but it’s time to start planning this year’s garden!

Don’t let February’s gray skies, frigid temperatures, and snow-capped gardens fool you.

🌷Spring is just around the corner…

So, now’s the time to decide what you want to grow this year.

Once you have your garden plan ready, you’ll know exactly what to plant in February.

There are plenty of flowers, fruits, and vegetables to sow and grow this month.

Keep reading for a full list of things to plant and seeds to start in February.

This post may contain affiliate links. So, I may get a small commission if you buy something after clicking through. I only link to products I would recommend to my best friend.

planting tools and seedlings on a table
February is a great month to start seeds.

What vegetables to plant in February

  • If you live in a warm-weather growing zone, you can start sowing your vegetable seeds outdoors this month.
  • In cooler areas, you can jumpstart your gardening season when you start seeds indoors in February. It’s is the perfect time to sow warm-weather crops like tomatoes and peppers inside on a seed starting rack with lights. (A sunny windowsill isn’t enough – it’s one of the biggest causes of leggy seedlings.)

Related: Are leggy seedlings bad?

BONUS: As a bonus for joining my weekly newsletter, download a free February gardening checklist. It’s everything you need to do in February!

Vegetable seeds to sow in February

If your soil isn’t frozen there are a few things you can plant or sow in your garden. Most of these will do better if you give them some protection like a hoop house or cold frame.

How to make it easier to sow seeds outside in February

  • Warm your soil with UV-stabilized clear plastic. Hold it down with rocks or bricks.
  • Monitor your soil temperature with a soil thermometer and remove the plastic when the soil has warmed enough to plant.

Related: Must-Have Vegetable Gardening Books

  • Spinach.
  • Radish.
  • Cool-season lettuces.
  • Greens like mustard and mache.

Here’s how to make gardening easy this month. Get a FREE gardening checklist for February when you join my newsletter.

Vegetable seeds to start indoors in February

  • Start seeds of onions and leeks inside if you haven’t yet.
  • If you use season extension techniques like cold frames or hoop houses, start transplants of lettuce, spinach, kale, and Swiss chard this month. They can go out in the garden in 6-8 weeks — plan to pot them up once before they go outside if you’re starting them in small pots.
  • Start seeds of early tomatoes this month. Set them out in April under Wall O' Waters.
  • It’s also time to start your pepper and eggplant seeds, as they take a while to germinate and grow. It’s still too early for most of us to start warm-season crops like beans and squash.
  • Start seeds of celery and celeriac under lights. This is my favorite way to set up a seed starting rack.

Related freebie: Grab your FREEE garden maintenance guide.

Herbs to plant in February

a closeup of basil seedlings started in February
Planting in February: Start some herbs indoors in February.
  • Start some basil seeds now so you can enjoy some pesto early this year.
  • Start seeds of perennial herbs such as sage, oregano, and thyme if you didn’t do this in January.
  • Start seeds of cold-hardy herbs like chives and parsley this month. They can go out in your garden in March or April since they can withstand cold weather.

Click here to learn more about what to do in your garden in February.

Watch as Liz from Byther Farm talks about what seeds to plant in February:

What flowers to plant in February

Annuals to plant in February

  • If you didn’t do so last month, start seeds (indoors) of annuals that require a long growing season. The list includes lobelia, petunia, vinca, browallia, snapdragon, and verbena.
  • You still have time to start seeds of cool-season annuals (indoors) such as pansies, dianthus, calendula, English daisy, ranunculus, monkeyflower, annual poppies, primula, Veronica, and forget-me-nots this month. Giving them an early start ensures you’ll have blooming plants this spring.

Perennials to plant in February

  • There’s still time to plant perennials you want to start from seed in pots set outdoors.
  • Perennial seeds to sow in February include Bachelor buttons, Delphinium, Evening primrose, Poppies, Nicotiana, Calendula, and Violas.

Related: Discover what to sow and plant in March.

What to plant in February (indoors)

woman planting an orchid in a pot
Blooming tropicals come in a variety of colors to brighten up your home.
  • Plant a terrarium.
    • Look for clear-glass containers that have a lid so you can maintain a humid environment around your plants.
    • Good plant choices include Pilea, Peperomia, Ivy, Artillery fern, Button fern, Baby tears, and Creeping fig.
    • Pick up a copy of Gardening Under Glass to learn how to set up your terrarium the right way.
  • Brighten the dark, dreary days of winter with blooming tropical plants such as orchids and bromeliads.
    • They can provide a welcome dose of color to every room in your home.
    • With minimum attention, orchids and bromeliads will bloom for months!
    • Learn more about growing orchids in Understanding Orchids.

Related: Gardening Books to Read This Winter

Frequently asked questions about planting in February

Can I plant tomatoes in February?

Yes, you can plant tomatoes in February. Tomatoes are frost-tender. And since it’s still winter, most of us will need to sow the seeds indoors, using a good grow light setup, and then transplant them later when the weather warms up. If your garden soil temperature is at least 60 degrees Fahrenheit, you can plant tomato seeds outdoors in February.

How cold is too cold for seed starting?

Below 50°F is too cold to start most seeds, even seeds of cool-season crops. And soil temperatures below 40°F are almost guaranteed to prevent seeds from germinating altogether.

Download your free monthly planting guide and checklist

Join my weekly-ish newsletter, and as a bonus, you’ll get a printable monthly checklist! Click here to download and subscribe.

Here’s a sneak peek of your checklist:

monthly garden checklist

Download the gardening checklist now. You’ll be sure to get the right things done this month!

Your turn: what do you plant in February?

Did I miss any important February planting tasks?

Let me know in a comment below!

Cheryl Spencer, certified gardener

Hi, I’m Cheryl Spencer, a Certified Gardener.

Born with a plant addiction that has no known cure, I became a Certified Gardener to help ease the symptoms. Now I write articles and create gardening products that help you save time and money in your garden. I believe you can grow your dream garden and still have time to enjoy it. The good news? Anyone can do it. Start here »

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